Beethoven, Piano and Clarinet Trio in B-flat, op.11: Jacqueline du Pré

Beethoven, Piano and Clarinet Trio in B-flat, op.11: Jacqueline du Pré

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:

The Piano Trio in B-flat major, Op. 11, was composed by Ludwig van Beethoven in 1797 and published in Vienna the next year. It is one of a series of early chamber works, many involving woodwind instruments because of their popularity and novelty at the time. The trio is scored for piano, clarinet (or violin), and cello (sometimes substituted by bassoon). The key of B-flat major was probably chosen to facilitate fast passages in the B-flat clarinet, which had not yet benefited from the development of the Boehm system. Beethoven dedicated the piece to Countess Maria Wilhelmine von Thun.

The work is also sometimes known by the nickname “Gassenhauer Trio”. This arose from its third movement which creates nine variations from a theme from the then popular dramma giocoso L’amor marinaro ossia Il corsaro (15 October 1797, Wiener Hoftheater) by Joseph Weigl. This particular melody, “Pria ch’io l’impegno” (“Before I go to work”), was so popular it could be heard in many of Vienna’s lanes (“Gasse” in German). Contemporary equivalents of the term “Gassenhauer” include “hit” (success) or “schlager“. Other composers who used this melody include Joseph von Eybler, Johann Nepomuk Hummel and Niccolò Paganini.

Because of its unique scoring in Beethoven’s output, there is some uncertainty as to whether to include it in the ordinal numbering of Beethoven’s piano trios. Some assign it “No. 4” between the Op. 1 and Op. 70 sets while others leave the work out of the numbering.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piano_Trio,_Op._11_%28Beethoven%29

Advertisements

About EdwardianPiano

I am a classical music enthusiast, history geek, artist and writer.
This entry was posted in Ludwig van Beethoven, Music and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s